Year: 2015

A tangible prototype that assists children with planning, organization and time-management

Children with Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) experience a deficit in cognitive processes responsible for goal-directed behaviors, known as executive functioning. In an effort to assist them, we developed TangiPlan – a prototype of a tangible assistive technology intended to improve executive functioning during morning routines. TangiPlan is comprised of six tangible objects, representing tasks that need to be completed during a child’s morning routine, and a tablet application. Using TangiPlan consists of two main stages: planning and execution.

Planning: during this stage, which occurs at the previous evening, the child uses a tablet application to divide the morning routine into small tasks, and allocate time for completing each one. The child pairs each task with a tangible object, and then places each object at the location where the task is supposed to be performed. For example, an object representing the “brushing teeth” task is placed near the bathroom sink.

Execution: during this stage, which occurs in the morning, the objects serve as physical reminders for performing their corresponding tasks. The child activates each object at the beginning of the task, and deactivates it when the task is complete. While active, the object indicates elapsing time.

This research was supported by the I-CORE Program of the Planning and Budgeting Committee and The Israel Science Foundation (grant no. 1716/12).


Weisberg, O., Gal-Oz, A., Berkowitz, R., Weiss, N., Peretz, O., Azoulai, S., Kopelman-Rubin, D., and Zuckerman, O. 2014. TangiPlan: Designing an assistive technology to enhance executive functioning among children with ADHD. In Proc. IDC 2014, ACM Press, 293-296. DOI= 10.1145/2593968.2610475

Zuckerman, O., Gal-Oz, A., Tamir, N., and Kopelman-Rubin, D. 2015. Initial validation of an assistive technology to enhance executive functioning among children with ADHD. In Proc. IDC 2015, ACM Press, forthcoming. DOI: